A to Z of Computer Scientists by Harry Henderson

By Harry Henderson

This entire A-to-Z biographical dictionary explores the various workforce of inventors, scientists, marketers, and visionaries within the laptop technology box. The state of the art, modern entries and data at the machine supply a glimpse into not just their force but in addition their demanding situations in making a new form of enterprise and a brand new type of tradition.

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They then met with Dan Fylstra, owner of a small software publishing company, and he agreed to market the program. In 1979, Bricklin and Frankston started their own company, Software Arts, to develop the software. Bricklin took business classes by day while Frankston programmed all night. They rushed to complete the program, and then had to decide what to call it. After rejecting suggestions such as “Calculature” and “Electronic Blackboard,” they settled on VisiCalc. As the program progressed, Bricklin astounded one of his Harvard Business School professors by providing detailed results for one of the “what-if” assignments—never revealing that VisiCalc was doing the hard work for him.

Amplification”—the ability to use technology to help humans think better and faster. Brooks believes that this approach is likely to be more successful than the traditional approach to artificial intelligence—making computers think by themselves and perhaps replace the human mind. For his achievements in computer and operating system design, graphics, and artificial intelligence Brooks has received numerous awards, including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society Pioneer Award (1970), the National Medal of Technology (1985), and the IEEE John von Neumann Medal (1993).

Mechanical calculators were not new: The French scientist and philosopher Blaise Pascal, for example, had hand-built primitive calculators in the 17th century. But early calculators jammed easily and usually could only add one column of figures at a time, requiring the operator to manually carry the total from one column to the next. In 1886, Burroughs and three investors formed the American Arithmometer Company to develop and market his design for a reliable calculator. Burroughs’s machine had a column of numbered keys for each column in the numbers to be Bush, Vannevar 33 input.

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