By Michael N Cardwell, Margaret R Grossman, Christopher Rodgers
The area alternate association (WTO) contract on Agriculture has had a basic influence on agricultural coverage world wide. the recent WTO agreements will hide agriculture,sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical obstacles to exchange and alternate in highbrow estate rights. This booklet addresses the interface among the legislation of overseas agricultural alternate, the rising criminal and fiscal order for agricultural exchange less than the auspices of the WTO, and its impression on agricultural coverage reform either within the eu Union and the united states. With contributions from major professionals within the applicable components.
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Extra resources for Agriculture and international trade: law, policy, and the WTO
Even under the WTO, agriculture has kept its special status and is now governed by a separate Agreement on Agriculture (URAA), one of the 13 Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods. The URAA, implemented over the 6-year period 1995–2000, began the process of subjecting agriculture to significant trade disciplines (ERS, USDA, 1998, p. 5). R. Grossman The URAA is intended ‘to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system,’ with ‘progressive reductions in agricultural support and protection’, which will result in ‘correcting and preventing restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets’ (URAA, Preamble, ¶¶ 2, 3).
The Doha Declaration built on URAA Article 20 to provide a new mandate for negotiations (WTO, 2001a). The Declaration commits Members to a ‘broad and balanced Work Programme’ (Art. 11) that includes a number of trade issues. Agriculture is the focus of Articles 13 and 14 of the Declaration, which acknowledges the work and negotiating proposals submitted since negotiations began in 2000. The Declaration reconfirms a commitment to the objective of establishing ‘a fair and market-oriented trading system through a programme of fundamental reform encompassing strengthened rules and specific commitments on support and protection in order to correct and prevent restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets’ (Art.
Veneman to USDA employees regarding Farm Bill implementation. 02, 15 May. USDA (2002c) Statement by Secretary Ann M. Veneman regarding Farm Bill criticism. 02, 21 May. USDA (2002d) Transcript of Agriculture Secretary Ann M. B. Penn, Chief Economist Keith Collins, Farm Service Agency Administrator James Little. 21 May. B. Penn, Undersecretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services on the 2002 Farm Bill and the implications for world trade. 02, 22 May. USDA (2002f) Statement by Secretary of Agriculture Ann M.