Ambient Intelligence: Impact on Embedded System Design by Twan Basten, Marc Geilen, Harmke de Groot

By Twan Basten, Marc Geilen, Harmke de Groot

The rising Ambient Intelligence imaginative and prescient has the aptitude to essentially switch our international. This quantity is a preview into the following period of computing. It investigates the effect of Ambient Intelligence on embedded method layout. Combining visionary contributions with papers on contemporary advancements, it brings to mild the demanding situations in procedure layout in the direction of pleasant the Ambient Intelligence promise. subject matters lined diversity from processor architectures and embedded software program to cognitive robotics and sensor networks, and from quality-of-service and energy-efficient layout to safeguard and fault tolerance.

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Some WLAN chip manufacturers are proposing direct conversion technology to combine the RF/IF and Modulator/Demodulator chips into one‚ thus reducing the chip count to three. Yet‚ a true single-chip solution has still to come. The second trend is of architectural nature. 11) and the introduction of new ones‚ push for new architectural paradigms. g. an MPEG2 decoding) are even more challenging requirements. Energy efficiency and cost constraints are much tighter than for highperformance servers‚ and the computational requirements can be matched only by resorting to heterogeneous architectures (in contrast with homogeneous general-purpose processors)‚ which provide computational power tai- 42 AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE: IMPACT ON EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN lored to a specific class of applications [17‚ 37].

The choice of an academic‚ prototype-quality design as a case study is not incidental: current commercial products (such as the MICA wireless sensors by Crossbow [10]) are meant for different targets: they are quite far from the requirements‚ for both application and constraints. For instance‚ the cost of a single sensor exceeds 100$. According to the project mission‚ the term “smart dust” should denote a cloud of tiny elements of active silicon‚ called motes‚ each one of few cubic millimeters size.

The uplink section is realized through a passive reflector (the CCR) that requires an incoming optical laser signal from an interrogator. Light entering the CCR is normally reflected back parallel to the incoming beam‚ but it can be deflected by electrically actuating the CCR so that less light is reflected. The former case represents the communication of a “1”‚ the latter case a “0”. The CCR is able to transmit data at 4 Kbps with a range over 100m. The downlink section uses the same laser beam used to interrogate the CCR‚ yet in a different frequency band.

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