By Peter Schwartz
From formative years, we’re taught one imperative, non-controversial concept approximately morality: self-sacrifice is a advantage. it truly is universally approved that serving the desires of others, instead of our personal, is the essence of morality. To be ethical—it is believed—is to be altruistic. wondering this trust is considered tantamount to wondering the self-evident.
Here, Peter Schwartz questions it.
In protection of Selfishness refutes common misconceptions concerning the that means of selfishness and of altruism. Basing his arguments on Ayn Rand’s ethics of rational self-interest, Schwartz demonstrates that real selfishness isn't exemplified through the brutal plundering of an Attila the Hun or the conniving duplicity of a Bernard Madoff. on the contrary, such individuals are appearing opposed to their genuine, long-range interests.
The actually egocentric person is devoted to ethical rules and lives a good, efficient, self-respecting lifestyles. He doesn't feed parasitically off other folks. in its place, he renounces the unearned, and offers with others—in either the fabric and religious realms—by supplying worth for worth, to mutual profit.
The egocentric person, Schwartz keeps, lives through cause, now not strength. He lives by means of construction and exchange, now not through robbery and fraud. He disavows the mindlessness of the do-whatever-you-feel-like emotionalist, and upholds rationality as his basic advantage. he's taking satisfaction in his achievements, and doesn't sacrifice himself to others—nor does he sacrifice others to himself.
According to the code of altruism, notwithstanding, you want to include self-sacrifice. you want to subordinate your self to others. Altruism calls, now not for cooperation and benevolence, yet for servitude. It calls for that you just give up your pursuits to the wishes of others, that you just regard serving others because the ethical justification of your lifestyles, that you just be prepared to undergo in order that a non-you could gain advantage. To this, Schwartz asks easily: Why? Why should still the truth that you have got accomplished any luck make you indebted to those that haven’t? Why does the truth that a person wishes your funds create an ethical entitlement to it, whereas the truth that you’ve earned it, doesn’t?
Using shiny, real-life examples, In protection of Selfishness illustrates the iniquity of requiring one guy to serve the desires of one other. This provocative ebook demanding situations readers to re-evaluate the traditional in which they come to a decision what's morally wrong or right.