Sword and Olive Branch: Oliver Otis Howard by John A. Carpenter

By John A. Carpenter

Oliver Otis Howard dedicated his existence to the provider of his kingdom, either as a distinct military officer in wars and because the founding father of universities. Oliver Otis Howard was once a graduate of Bowdoin collage and of West aspect. Being reared in a pious New England (Maine) surroundings gave him a deep feel of legal responsibility to steer a Christian lifestyles, for the great of others and for the advance of his personal top self. He used to be usually disturbed via the clash awarded him in his twin profession in peace and war.General Howard's robust feel of accountability to his nation led to his extraordinary profession of command through the Civil War-at the conflict of Chancellorsville, itself a disappointing rout, and at Gettysburg, the place he recovered any attractiveness the sooner defeat may have misplaced him. below basic Sherman, within the Atlanta crusade, and as a pacesetter of the military of the Tennessee he gained targeted contrast. In overall, Howard fought on the First Bull Run, reasonable Oaks (where critical wounds compelled the amputation of his correct arm), moment Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.The comparable powerful feel of accountability made him settle for the fee of the Freedmen's Bureau and the advertising of African-American schooling. Following his provider within the Nez Perce crusade of 1877 he used to be superintendent of West aspect and the founding father of Lincoln Memorial college. His maximum carrier to schooling, besides the fact that, was once as founder and president of Howard college, the place his identify and occupation are held in honor.

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Sword and Olive Branch: Oliver Otis Howard

Oliver Otis Howard committed his existence to the carrier of his state, either as a uncommon military officer in wars and because the founding father of universities. Oliver Otis Howard used to be a graduate of Bowdoin collage and of West aspect. Being reared in a pious New England (Maine) surroundings gave him a deep feel of legal responsibility to guide a Christian lifestyles, for the nice of others and for the improvement of his personal top self.

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Extra info for Sword and Olive Branch: Oliver Otis Howard

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Apparently, in almost four years of college he had not formed any definite plan. Then, toward the end of June, Uncle John Otis, now a member of Congress, came up with an unexpected solution. 27 Later that same year Otis explained to his mother that on hearing of the offer to go to West Point he sat down to think it over. He could, "by industry and frugality," achieve some wealth and ease. "28 The decision must have come, then, while he was still at Bowdoin. After he had completed his college examinations he returned home to Leeds and laid the matter before his mother.

If religion saved him from damnation, war saved him from obscurity. The South's secession from the Union and Lincoln's determination to prevent it rescued Howard from the dull routine and slow promotions typical of the peacetime army. Thousands of men flocked to the colors of the volunteer regiments, providing opportunities for advancement for Howard and his regular army colleagues. Self-interest and higher ideals, however, were not mutually exclusive, as Howard's life illustrates. O. Howard's rapid advance in rank during the Civil War, again something that was not unusual for the talented or the well-connected soldier, placed him at some of the most significant engagements of that conflict.

Page xvii Preface Not often in one lifetime does a man have the opportunity Oliver Otis Howard had for such diversified service to his country. Perhaps this is why he is not more generally known today. Some students of the Civil War will remember his part in the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and historians of Reconstruction will mention him as commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau. Those interested in the Indian wars of the West are probably familiar with Howard's part in the pacification of the Apaches or with his pursuit of Chief Joseph and the Nez Perces in the epic campaign of 1877.

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